Over recent years, the construction industry has gone a major evolution. Engineering methods utilized in the last decade have greatly changed – some have even become obsolete. Modern, science-backed technologies and machinery have revolutionized civil engineering ensuring efficiency, quality, and safety of today’s buildings.
Back in the days, building parts were manually constructed on-site. Nowadays, concrete blocks, roofs, beams, pillars, etc. all come available in pre-fabricated forms. This modular approach in engineering has increased the speed at which buildings are made.
Today, we see the impact of smart technology and green engineering in the way homes are built. These developments have made modern houses more energy-efficient and livable.
Florida constructors at afsgeneralcontracting.com have noted a lot of new and promising developments in this field of engineering. Here we take a look at some of industry-changing engineering techniques and tools to look out for.
As the impact of global warming becomes more evident and relevant, civil engineering has veered towards saving the natural environment. A growing trend in home architecture is the incorporation of the natural environment. New home designs maximize natural lighting, ventilation, and heat. Eco-friendly construction materials are increasingly used nowadays.
Green engineering is now prevalent in both domestic and commercial construction. This is in compliance with regulations that require them to help save the environment.
Satellite imaging, drone, and 3D scanners enable developers to scout suitable locations for their new projects. Prior to these technologies, developers would need to visit multiple sites, complete geodetic surveys, and perform soil testing to check the aptness of the land.
Satellite imagery has been around for years but it is only recently that it has become accessible to all. Today’s sat-images provide better and real-time visualization which developers use to scout for the property. An enormously useful tool for engineers, drones provide a quick and close-up aerial view of a property, its conditions, and scope.
Drones are also used during the construction phase to monitor its progress, especially for high-rise constructions. 3D scanners provide builders with a visualization of the property. This enables developers to measure obstructions that require clearing.
Futuristic construction materials
As mentioned above, modern building materials have drastically improved civil engineering. Some revolutionary products in this field include:
- Self-healing concrete – This type of concrete is able to revert back to its original shape making buildings sturdier and durable.
- Self-healing paint products – Nanoparticle paint is designed to withstand water damage, stain, and external elements.
- Transparent aluminum – High-rise buildings and homes can benefit from transparent aluminum which is more stable and durable than glass material.
- Carbon nanotubes – This engineering material is so dense that it provides maximum durability.
- Permeable concrete – Ideal for outdoor pavement or driveway, permeable concrete allow water and pollutants to flow through the surface hence reducing stormwater runoff.
- Temperature-sensitive tiles – These decorative tiles are coated with temperature-reactive paint that changes based on the surface temperature. It is a good addition to home interior design as the changing color can add to the ambiance and mood.
Robotics in home construction
Gone are the days when you need to hire tons of construction workers to finish a house. Now, robots augment the need for manual labor. There are different types of machines that enable faster and reliable construction.
One example is robotic brick-layers which are cable of laying out a variety of brick-work. These machines can carry out a variety of layouts. There are also robots that are engineered to create complex instructions or blueprints. As the number of blue-collar workers shrinks, robotics in construction has become an emerging trend.